python wsgi教程5——POST请求

当请求方法为POST时,请求字符串会放在HTTP的body中。可以使用环境变量中的wsgi.input进行读取。同时CONTENT_LENGTH变量记录了内容的长度。

下面是一个简单的例子:

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#!/usr/bin/env python
from wsgiref.simple_server import make_server
from cgi import parse_qs, escape
html = """
<html>
<body>
<form method="post" action="">
<p>
Age: <input type="text" name="age">
</p>
<p>
Hobbies:
<input name="hobbies" type="checkbox" value="software"> Software
<input name="hobbies" type="checkbox" value="tunning"> Auto Tunning
</p>
<p>
<input type="submit" value="Submit">
</p>
</form>
<p>
Age: %s<br>
Hobbies: %s
</p>
</body>
</html>
"""
def application(environ, start_response):
# the environment variable CONTENT_LENGTH may be empty or missing
try:
request_body_size = int(environ.get('CONTENT_LENGTH', 0))
except (ValueError):
request_body_size = 0
# When the method is POST the query string will be sent
# in the HTTP request body which is passed by the WSGI server
# in the file like wsgi.input environment variable.
request_body = environ['wsgi.input'].read(request_body_size)
d = parse_qs(request_body)
age = d.get('age', [''])[0] # Returns the first age value.
hobbies = d.get('hobbies', []) # Returns a list of hobbies.
# Always escape user input to avoid script injection
age = escape(age)
hobbies = [escape(hobby) for hobby in hobbies]
response_body = html % (age or 'Empty',
', '.join(hobbies or ['No Hobbies']))
status = '200 OK'
response_headers = [('Content-Type', 'text/html'),
('Content-Length', str(len(response_body)))]
start_response(status, response_headers)
return [response_body]
httpd = make_server('localhost', 8051, application)
httpd.serve_forever()